FIQ (Fédération Interprofessionnelle de la santé du Québec)

Brief history of the FIQ

  • FIQ’s 35th anniversary
  • Launch of the new visual identity “United. Determined. Mobilized in health care.”
  • Major mobilization among healthcare professionals to demand what they are owed from the government, which is late in paying them various premiums
  • Complaint filed with the International Labour Office (ILO) to put an end to the use of mandatory overtime (MOT)
  • Plea launched for a law on safe healthcare ratios in Quebec
  • Signature of a union solidarity protocol between the FIQ, FIQP, CSN, CSQ and FTQ, as well as a non-raiding pact
  • Decision by the Administrative Labour Tribunal (TAT) ruling in favour of the FIQ and FIQP. It recognized that the government negotiated in bad faith and obstructed union activities by announcing premiums of $12,000 to $18,000 after signing the tentative agreement
  • The FIQ organized an election debate on health care featuring candidates from the main political parties running in the Quebec elections
  • Historical demands regarding Bill 59 to modernize the occupational health and safety regime
  • Access to N95 masks for healthcare professionals working in COVID-19 red zones following a long battle fought by the FIQ and FIQP
  • Participation in the commemoration of COVID-19 victims on March 11
  • Big victory for the FIQ and FIQP in obtaining recognition of the airborne transmission of COVID-19
  • Obtained new leverage for governing independent labour
  • Ad campaign “Paid a woman’s wage” in alliance with the APTS and a major demonstration in Montreal to denounce pay discrimination
  • Global agreement with the Quebec government to renew the provincial collective agreement
  • Mobilization to protest mandatory overtime, which forces healthcare professionals to stay at work
  • Launch of campaign, “MOT is a death sentence for healthcare professions”
  • Adoption of Joyce’s Principle, which aims to guarantee Indigenous Peoples the right of equitable access, without any discrimination, to all social and health services
  • Creation of a new Communications Committee
  • Nathalie Levesque, Vice-President on the Executive Committee, was the interim president from October to December
  • COVID-19 pandemic: actions to denounce the working conditions imposed on healthcare professionals, the lack of personal protective equipment, the abusive application of Ministerial Order 007, the absence of additional compensation and specific measures, and the “Je dénonce” and “Les VériFIQatrices” initiatives
  • Launch of the campaigns “Let’s end the inhumane” and “The healthcare system is failing. We are the solution.”
  • Demonstration to pressure the government to tackle the health network’s core problems
  • Day of mobilization to roll out safe healthcare professional-to-patient ratios in Quebec CHSLDs with the slogan “Ratios for humane care”
  • April 8 is the first provincial day without mandatory overtime (MOT) for all Quebec healthcare professionals
  • A union solidarity protocol is signed between the FIQ, APTS, CSN, FTQ and CSQ, as well as a non-raiding pact
  • Alliance forged with the Alliance du personnel professionnel et technique de la santé et des service sociaux (APTS) for intersectoral negotiations
  • Signing of several local collective agreements
  • Launch of the “A strong voice in health care” campaign
  • First Organization of Work and Professional Practice Network (OWPP)
  • Sectoral and intersectoral demands submitted with a view to renewing the provincial collective agreement with the “We’re done working ourselves sick!” slogan
  • 24 hours without mandatory overtime (MOT) in the defense of safe, quality care
  • Launch of two ads that use humour to illustrate why healthcare professional-to-patient ratios are needed in the health network
  • The FIQ’s historical victory, alongside other labour organizations, of getting the Supreme Court to strike down amendments to the Pay Equity Act
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 167, An Act to constitute the Société québécoise du cannabis, to enact the Cannabis Regulation Act and to amend various highway safety-related provisions
  • Meeting with Health Minister Gaétan Barrette concerning the crisis over healthcare professionals’ working conditions
  • Agreement with the MSSS to implement 17 healthcare professional-to-patient ratio pilot projects in Quebec
  • Extensive local negotiations following the institution mergers brought about by the Liberal government’s Bill 10
  • Several new local collective agreements came into force for healthcare professionals in CISSSs and CIUSSSs
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 176, An Act to amend the Act respecting labour standards and other legislative provisions mainly to facilitate family-work balance
  • Member-wide consultation on the group insurance plan
  • Adoption of the Policy on the Fair Representation of Women in Positions of Power and Decision-Making
  • FIQ presidential province-wide tour
  • Distribution of the Electoral Tool Kit in view of the provincial elections
  • FIQ hosts an election healthcare debate featuring candidates from the four main political parties running in the Quebec elections
  • The FIQP gained two new institutions as well as new members. It represents over 1,600 members
  • The FIQ’s 30th anniversary
  • Period of union allegiance votes: the FIQ came out on top and now represents 75,000 members
  • Launch of the Montréal Nord neighbourhood clinic
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 115, An Act to combat maltreatment of seniors and other persons of full age in vulnerable situations
  • Participation in the Intersyndicale des femmes’ 40th anniversary
  • Review of small homes for seniors pilot project in Lanaudière Nord
  • 11th Convention: “Providing care: a collaborative affair”
  • Election of Nancy Bédard as the FIQ president
  • Election of the first FIQP | Secteur privé Executive Committee, with President Sonia Mancier
  • Launch of the Black Book of Care Safety to demand safe healthcare professional-to-patient ratios in Quebec
  • Tabling of a memorandum at the Commissaire à la santé et au bien-être as part of the public consultations on the range of insured services
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 87, An Act to facilitate the disclosure of wrongdoings relating to public bodies
  • Participation in the mass movement to save the nurses’ clinic in the Coopérative de solidarité SABSA
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 92, intended to increase the RAMQ’s powers
  • Signing of the provincial collective agreement
  • Launch of the Safe Staffing Form
  • Launch of the accredited training program Patient Advocacy 2, offered free to members
  • International Symposium on Safe Health Care
  • The FIQ represents over 66,000 members
  • Bill 10 comes into force
  • Major provincial mobilization to denounce the Liberal government’s austerity measures affecting the quality and safety of care
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill 20, An Act to enact the Act to promote access to family medicine and specialized medicine services and to amend various legislative provisions relating to assisted procreation
  • Launch of the first accredited training course on advocating for patient rights and interests (offered free to members)
  • Distribution of lab coats with the FIQ logo as part of the campaign to recognize and appreciate healthcare professionals
  • Denunciation of Bill 42 establishing the Administrative Labour Tribunal, putting workers’ rights in peril and threatening women’s rights
  • Unanimous rejection of the government’s contemptuous offers in negotiations and actions throughout Quebec
  • Contribution to opening a second neighbourhood clinic in Quebec
  • Participation in celebrations for the 20th anniversary of the Bread and Roses March
  • Launch of the 1-844-FIQ- AIDE helpline for reporting unacceptable situations encountered in the health network
  • First Network of OHS Union Representatives held as a pilot project
  • Tentative agreement with the government on intersectoral and sectoral matters
  • Superior Court strikes down the 2009 amendments to the Pay Equity Act, which the FIQ had denounced. The government appealed the decision
  • Launch of the publication FIQ Special Report: Licensed Practical Nurse – A key professional on the care team as part of the licensed practical nurses ad hoc committee work to further promote their profession
  • Campaign “Care on a human scale”
  • Agreement reached with the government regarding clinical perfusionists’ compensation
  • 10th Convention: “Vision. Progress. Action. Think outside the box.”
  • Alliance with the Fédération autonome de l’enseignement (FAE) for the next intersectoral negotiations
  • Launch of the FIQ’s first neighbourhood clinic pilot project intended to offer the population front-line services from healthcare professionals
  • Demands that the government make it mandatory for healthcare institutions to adopt collective prescriptions
  • Period of changing union allegiance: the FIQ now represents nearly 65,000 members
  • Sectoral and intersectoral demands submitted for negotiations
  • Launch of broad ad campaign to promote healthcare professionals: “That’s enough. Caring for patients comes first.”
  • Denunciation of Bill No. 10 on modifying the organization of the health network and its impacts on care quality and working conditions
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 15, an Act respecting workforce management and control within government departments, public sector bodies and networks and state-owned enterprises
  • Launch of a TV and radio campaign to promote the FIQ
  • Denunciation of the optimization projects in home care and computerization in health care
  • Meeting with the Collectif 8 mars and the Quebec premier to discuss the progress of women’s right to equality and to voice demands
  • Actions to denounce poor management and the waste of public funds in the public health network
  • Defense of nurses’ experience and expertise and the FIQ proposes an integrated Quebec model to remedy dead ends created by the OIIQ model regarding nurses’ initial training
  • Creation of a licensed practical nurses ad hoc committee to find solutions to address their concerns
  • Representations to protect healthcare professionals’ jobs from the governmental project for an autonomy insurance plan
  • Support for the social contract for better quality of life for seniors launched by the FADOQ Network
  • Support for the Regroupement Les Sages-femmes du Québec for fair recognition of their profession
  • Arbitration decision confirming the right of nurses working in CHSLDs to be paid overtime when they have to remain at work during mealtimes
  • The FIQ’s 25th anniversary
  • Publication of comments on the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between Canada and the European Union
  • Support for the student movement against the tuition increase
  • Participation in the actions of the Coalition opposée à la tarification et à la privatisation des services publics
  • Participation in the actions of the Réseau québécois sur l’intégration continentale (RQIC)
  • Work begins on reviewing initial training for nurses, licensed practical nurses, and respiratory therapists
  • Follow-up on the implementation of the Lean Approach in Quebec healthcare institutions
  • Denunciation of Bill 78, which the Liberal government passed under closure, and participation in the major march on May 22 protesting the law
  • Bill 78 is challenged in the Superior Court by student, union (including the FIQ), community and environmental organizations
  • Submission of comments on the Regulation respecting the practice of the profession of respiratory therapist in a partnership or joint-stock company
  • Denunciation of tabling of motion 312 on the legal status of foetuses in partnership with the Fédération des médecins spécialistes du Québec, the Association des obstétriciens et gynécologues du Québec, and the Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
  • Denunciation of Bill C-377 that would force labour organizations to disclose information that could undermine their bargaining power
  • The first collective agreement for healthcare professionals comes into force after over a year of negotiations
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 127, intended to improve management of the health and social services network
  • 9th Convention: “Dare, Act, Influence, the power to change is within us”
  • Shift toward a proactive union approach
  • Renegotiation of the local component of the collective agreement for certain institutions after signing the provincial collective agreement
  • Tabling of a brief on Bill No. 16, intended to tighten up the certification process for residences for the elderly
  • Support for the program “Aging Gayfully” and help unveiling the Charter for the fair treatment of LGBT seniors
  • First victory for the FIQ in its efforts to legally counter the use of private healthcare employment agencies: the CRT sided with Hôpital Maisonneuve-Rosemont’s motion 39
  • Participation in the World March of Women’s provincial rally in Rimouski on October 17
  • Government shows contempt for healthcare professionals during negotiations
  • Support from the Fédération des médecins omnipraticiens du Québec and the Fédération des médecins spécialistes du Québec for the FIQ’s solutions
  • Several events are organized throughout Quebec to mark the expiration of the decrees on March 31 that determined government employees’ working conditions
  • Ad campaign to denounce the massive contracting of private healthcare employment agencies
  • Camp-out in front of the National Assembly for 78 consecutive hours with the aim of getting a negotiated agreement
  • Tentative agreement reached between the Common Front and the government on June 25 regarding the four intersectoral matters
  • Negotiations continue over healthcare professionals’ working conditions (sectoral matters), which still are not settled
  • Development of an organization of work action plan to enable unions to effectively intervene in their workplace
  • SISP tables a motion to quash the Regulation respecting the specialized medical treatments provided in a specialized medical centre in the Superior Court so as to make it illegal
  • A Common Front is formed – SISP, CSN, FTQ – to negotiate salaries, parental rights, regional disparities and retirement, and an operating protocol and non-raiding pact are signed
  • Negotiation priorities are adopted for healthcare professionals’ collective agreement project
  • Election of Régine Laurent as the FIQ president
  • First healthcare professional Youth Network
  • 8th Convention: “Renewing our action together”
  • Commitment to social movement unionism
  • Discussions around the possibility of setting up a bargaining table for the SISP member labour organizations
  • Inauguration of the new FIQ head office on Papineau Avenue in Montreal on August 22: the Federation is the owner of the land and building
  • Signing of a protocol of union solidarity between the SISP member organizations in light of the coming negotiations with the government, including a non-raiding pact
  • The FIQ’s 20th anniversary
  • Verdict from the International Labour Organization (ILO): the passing of a law imposing working conditions violates unions’ fundamental right to collective bargaining
  • Continuation of local negotiations and actions to denounce employers who refuse to negotiate in good faith
  • Participation in the first Forum Social Québécois
  • Agreement with the government on the evaluation of the nurse clinician position
  • Superior Court renders a decision: Bill 30 declared unconstitutional, but the government appeals the decision
  • Number of members increases to 56,500
  • Public and member awareness raised around the impacts of the neoliberal government
  • Call for mobilization and solidarity
  • On May 14, a decree in lieu of a collective agreement becomes law
  • For the first time, the same work contract applies to nurses, licensed practical nurses, respiratory therapists and clinical perfusionists
  • Local negotiation process begins as imposed by Bill 30
  • Intersyndicale équité settles the pay equity case on June 20
  • Affiliation to the Secrétariat intersyndical des services publics (SISP) which strives to protect and promote public services
  • Adoption of the new name for the Fédération des infirmières et infirmiers du Québec (FIIQ) on December 1: Fédération interprofessionnelle de la santé du Québec–FIQ
  • 10,000 new members after the union allegiance votes: the FIIQ represents the majority of healthcare professionals
  • 7th Convention: “Building the future together”
  • Changes at all levels of the organization to reflect the new membership
  • Denunciation of the Chaoulli Supreme Court decision, which opened the door to some privatization in the healthcare system
  • Election of Lina Bonamie as the FIIQ president
  • Charest government imposed, again under closure, a decree on salaries and working conditions for public sector workers until 2010
  • Negotiation of agreements on several subjects despite a difficult context
  • Bill 25, 30 and 31 come into force
  • Opposition movement to the Charest government
  • Launch of the campaign “United against the liquidation of public services” (unofficial translation)
  • Participation in the resistance movement Réseau de Vigilance
  • Creation of new local health and social services networks
  • Impacts of Bill 30: Union certification mergers, and modification of the negotiation system due to the decentralization of the 26 matters to the local level
  • Composition of unions representing nurses, licensed practical nurses, respiratory therapists, clinical perfusionists, extra-corporeal circulation technicians and child/baby nurses
  • Discussions with the independent unions of licensed practical nurses (APIIAQ and FIIAQ) and respiratory therapists (APIQ) to create the FIIQ+, healthcare professionals’ true powerhouse
  • First wave of union allegiance votes: the vast majority of healthcare professionals choose the FIIQ to represent them
  • Tabling of a brief recommending the full withdrawal of Bill No. 61 for the creation of the Agence des partenariats public-privé du Québec
  • Participation in the Collectif Échec à la guerre
  • Intersyndicale proposes a province-wide pay equity action plan to get a quick settlement
  • Adoption of the FIIQ TOMORROW action plan aimed at achieving greater leadership in Quebec’s labour and social scenes
  • Adoption of a draft collective agreement
  • Bill 90, an Act to amend the Professional Code, comes into force
  • The Charest government passes Bills 25, 30 and 31 under closure
  • In a difficult context, reflection on beginning a collective approach to tackle current and future challenges
  • Launch of a major strategy to fight workplace violence: “To work in dignity, taking action”
  • Adoption of decision-making, information, and support structures, as well as negotiation priorities
  • Fast progress for work on pay equity and workforce planning
  • Creation of the Youth Committee
  • Participation in the People’s Summit, an opposition movement to the Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA)
  • 6th Convention: “Solid in solidarity”
  • Rejection of an affiliation with the FTQ proposed by the FIIQ’s Executive Committee
  • Participation in the Québec Forum on Nursing Workforce Planning and adoption of an action plan
  • Several unions apply corrective measures to address work overloads
  • Inter-union negotiation with the Treasury Board to obtain a true pay equity program
  • Participation in the World March of Women on March 8
  • Global agreement between the government and nurses
  • Significant gains in recognizing the value of nurses’ work and improving working conditions
  • Nurses share the double penalties and salary loss from exercising their right to strike
  • Serious nurse shortage in Quebec
  • Public intervention at the Clair Commission hearings to defend the gains of a public, accessible and universal health system
  • Negotiation of all nurses’ working conditions for the first time in ten years
  • 23-day general strike
  • Rejection of a draft tentative agreement by the members
  • Beginning of a mediation process
  • Bouchard government doled out reprimands and excessive fines to nurses
  • Negotiation of a partial settlement on the salaries and pension plan without reaching a tentative agreement
  • 5th Convention: “Imagine the power of our collective values.”
  • Concerns over neoliberalism and globalization
  • Mobilization and pressure tactics to address nurses’ work problem
  • Conseil des services essentiels (Essential Services Council) imposes an accelerated process for the resolution of nurses’ workload problems
  • Numerous administrative mergers in the healthcare network
  • Creation of terms “health centres” and “multivocational institutions”
  • The FIIQ’s 10th anniversary
  • Government’s voluntary retirement program: early retirement of more than 3,600 FIIQ nurses
  • Organization of work training in nearly 350 institutions
  • Number of members increases to 47,500
  • 4th Convention: “Many shifts and turns, one direction”
  • Consolidation of the role and place of nurses at the heart of the network
  • Concerns over professional deregulation and the delegation of acts
  • Participation in the women’s Bread and Roses March to fight against poverty
  • Complete restructuring of the healthcare network
  • Action strategy to protect and broaden nurses’ scope of practice
  • Collective agreement signed for the first time since 1989
  • Ad campaign “La santé, trop précieuse pour la jouer!”
  • Creation of the Action-Santé Committee mandated to investigate the impacts of budget cuts and fiscal recovery
  • Positions taken on the electoral reform, public finances, and alternative therapies
  • Information campaign among the population in light of the next round of negotiations
  • Government passes Bill 102 imposing working conditions on all public and parapublic sector workers
  • Special convention on the FIIQ constitution and bylaws and the Union Defence Fund bylaws
  • 3rd Convention: “Taking part in change”
  • Election of Jennie Skene as the FIIQ president
  • Largest demonstration in 20 years with 6,000 public, parapublic and private sector unionized workers: maintenance of the stipulated salary increases despite the extension of the collective agreement
  • Founding of the Regroupement des infirmières et infirmiers retraitées with the FIIQ’s support
  • Implementation of a policy against sexual and racial harassment
  • Strengthening of international solidarity by advocating for the liberation of a Chilean nurse
  • Extension of the collective agreement
  • Recovery of the seniority lost when Bill 160 was applied
  • 2nd Convention: “Nos choix, de nouveaux défis”
  • Broadening the field of FIIQ intervention to include fighting to reduce poverty and violence against women and to protect the environment
  • Position taken in favour of provincial sovereignty
  • 1st Convention: “La santé, notre quotidien, notre avenir”
  • Actions to counter Bill 160 and mechanisms to share the fines
  • Activities continue despite suspension of the Rand Formula
  • College education recommended for nurses’ initial training
  • Rejection of a first tentative agreement by the members
  • Withdrawal of availability and refusal to do overtime
  • Seven-day general strike
  • Bourassa government enforces Bill 160 and imposes severe sanctions on nurses
  • The first collective agreement is signed
  • Number of members increases to 45,000
  • First draft collective agreement
  • Founding convention of the Fédération des infirmières et infirmiers du Québec (FIIQ) on December 2
  • 37,000 nurses represented under one banner
  • Election of Diane Lavallée as first FIIQ President